SEPTEMBER 30, 2021
By Sun Life Staff
Read time: 4 minutes
Are you ever too young to contribute to a registered retirement savings plan (RRSP)? The answer is usually no.
The only age limit in the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) guide to RRSPs is 71. That’s the age when the government requires you to shut down your individual RRSP and withdraw money from it.
That means all Canadians who haven’t reached 71 can open and contribute to an RRSP. (That’s if they’ve earned income in the previous tax year. And, reported it to the CRA on their tax return to give RRSP contribution room and calculate your RRSP deduction limit for the year).
If you’ve decided to open your first RRSP, here's what you need to know.
Before you do anything, you may want to think about the type of RRSP that’s right for you. This often comes down to whether you’ll be investing on your own or with others.
One option is an individual RRSP, which is an account registered in your name. The investments held in the RRSP and the tax advantages associated with them belong to you. An advisor can help build and manage your RRSP investment portfolio.
Your employer may offer a group RRSP. The benefits of going this route may include:
Another option is a self-directed RRSP, in which you make buy-and-sell decisions yourself. You can invest in common types of qualified investments including GICs, bonds, mutual funds and more. With a self-directed RRSP, you pay commissions on transactions you make – depending on the investments you hold. This is the same as you would in a non-registered brokerage account. In addition, an annual administration fee of about $125 usually applies to these accounts.
There are also spousal RRSPs. Let’s say you have a spouse and one of you earns significantly more than the other. The higher earner can make their RRSP contribution to a spousal RRSP. Then, they claim the deduction to recover tax paid at a higher rate. In retirement, the spouse who earned lower income (with less opportunity to save for retirement), can:
But, there are various rules and exceptions around:
You can find detailed information about these rules and exceptions at the CRA’s website.
There’s typically no cost to set up these plans. You simply make an appointment with an advisor and fill out the paperwork. (Many advisors now offer to meet Clients virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.)
However, you may pay fees on the individual investments you choose for your plan. Mutual funds, for example, will charge management fees. (Note that your financial institution will take fees directly out of the fund’s returns. So you don’t get a physical bill.)
Your advisor will review the fees for any investment before you buy.
When you’re opening your RRSP, your advisor will ask if you want to name a beneficiary.*
By doing this, your RRSP can bypass your estate and go directly to your named beneficiary when you die. If you name your spouse as the sole beneficiary, the cash can roll into your spouse’s RRSP tax-free.
*If you live in Quebec, you can name a beneficiary to an RRSP only if you’re invested in an insurance product. (i.e. segregated funds or insurance GICs).
Be aware that naming anyone other than a qualified spouse or partner can have serious tax implications. If you name an adult who isn’t a qualified beneficiary, the value of your RRSP would generally be taxed as regular income in the year of your death.
If you’re a younger investor, opening an RRSP gives you the magic of compounding. Let’s say you’re 26 years old and can put just $1,000 in your RRSP in 2022. Fast-forward to 2067; you’re 71 and must convert your RRSP savings to income. Based on a 5% yearly return, that $1,000 will be worth $8,985. That’s assuming annual compounding and an investment period of 45 years.
An advisor can help you set up your RRSP and decide which investments to put in it. They can also answer questions you may have about RRSPs or any other financial product. To get started, talk to a Sun Life advisor today.
Need help figuring out what’s right for you?
An advisor can help put together a solid plan that suits your goals.
This article is meant to only provide general information. Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada does not provide legal, accounting, taxation, or other professional advice. Please seek advice from a qualified professional, including a thorough examination of your specific legal, accounting and tax situation
Subscribe to Sun Life's Brighter Life emails for personalized tips, tools and offers.
I understand I can unsubscribe at any time and acknowledge that this email address belongs to me. Learn more about privacy and how we collect data to give you relevant content.